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Butterfly - Podalirio [Loris Dilena, Giuseppe Turzi & Margherita Hack, Istria - Cherso - Lussino - Veglia, guida naturalistica, Sergio Schiberna (Trieste, 1997). All copyrights reserved.]

Insecta: any of a class of arthropods (as bugs or bees) with well-defined head, thorax, and abdomen, only three pairs of legs, and typically one or two pairs of wings; numerous small invertebrate animals (as spiders or centipedes) that are more or less obviously segmented, and odonate insects.



  • Arachnida - any of a class of arthropods comprising chiefly terrestrial invertebrates, including the spiders, scorpions, mites, and ticks, and having a segmented body divided into two regions of which the anterior bears four pairs of legs but no antennae.
  • Cicadadea - Cicada
  • Coccinellidae - Ladybug - Coccinella - santa Caterina (Istroveneto)
  • Coleoptera - Beetle
  • Lepidoptera - Butterflies
  • Latrodectus mactans tredecimguttatus - The black widow spider ( - its appearance and control. Landeka N, Plenković J. (Hrvatski), Arh Hig Rada Toksikol. 2003 Mar;54(1):11-8. Zavod za javno zdravstvo Zupanije istarske, Pula.

    Between 1995 and 2002, a massive appearance of black widow (Latrodectus mactans tredecimguttatus, Rossi 1790) was recorded along the Croatia coast. This paper gives a historical review of latrodectism and observations from Istria and Dalmatia, paying particular attention to the spider's habitat. There are several reasons for the black widow to appear in a new habitat such as the introduction of leguminous plants, watermelons and melons where crops were grown earlier. Black widow can also be found near buildings and gardens. Human contacts with the spider are usually without consequences for humans, thanks to education and a relatively good visibility of the spider. The authors describe their experience in fighting black widow and emphasise the importance of education in preventing lactrodectism.

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Created: Friday, August 30, 2002; Last updated: Tuesday, July 04, 2017
Copyright 1998, USA