Iris Illyrica (German Iris)
The Illyrian iris (Iris illyrica) is a perennial plant from the iris family (Iridaceae). According to the IOPII (International Organization for Plant Information) the status of this plant is still unresolved; it is often treated as a subspecies of the Dalmatian Iris (I. pallida) which is scarlely known in its wild form, but listed as one of the important ingredients of the tall bearded irises.
Its flowering period is May and June. Its best planting position is in full sun. The soil requirements are dry or average moist, fertile well drained soil. It is suitable in border and rock gardens. This plant produces seeds rarely. It produces usually ten seeds that ripen out in autumn.
Its native range consists of much of the ancient region Illyria, for which it is named, and includes modern Dalmatia, Albania, Kosovo, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro and parts of Serbia and Macedonia, where it can be found growing wild.
The Illyrians (and later the Romans) considered Iris illyrica to have medicinal properties. These included the healing of boils and relief of headaches. The plant was also believed able to induce abortion. Parts were used in the ancient world as an anti-perspirant and for the manufacture of perfumes.Homotypic Synonyms:
The name Iris Illyrica Tomm. ex Vis., Fl. Dalmat., Suppl. 2: 53 (1877) is not accepted by: Poldini, L., Oriolo, G. & Vidali, M.. (2001). Vascular Flora of Friuli-Venezia Giulia. An Annotated Catalogue and Synonimic Index. Studia Geobotanica 21: 3-227. Place of publication cited as Veg. Isola Veglia, 63 (1875) as nom. nud. Flora Europaea gives same reference as validly published. Unable to find. [as Iris cengialti subsp. illyrica].
Ilirska perunika (Iris illyrica Tommasini)
Northern Italy, Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia (D. Kramb, 09-NOV-03)
In autumn it’s not necessary to fertilize bulbous plants; in any case it’s good to enrich the soil of the newly planted bulbs with organic fertilizer..
Before the cold months arrive, a wide range anticryptogamic treatment is advised; the plants which have been struck by black spot disease or other fungal pathologies must be cured in a specific manner, remembering to gather and destroy the leaves affected by diseases.
Iris pallida (Dalmatian Iris or Sweet Iris) is native to the Illyrian coast (former Yugoslavia) but widely naturalised elsewhere. It is a member of the subgenus iris, meaning that it is a bearded iris, and grows from a rhizome. Four varieties (regularly described as separate species) are recognised with one possible new alpine species having white flowers.
It is cultivated for extraction of essential oils from its rhizome (orris root). This iris prefers rocky places in the mediterranean and submediterranean zone and reaches sometimes montane regions at its southern range in Montenegro. It grows to a stem height of 50 to 80 centimeters. The leaves are bluish-green in color, and sword-shaped, 40 to 50 centimeters in length, and 2.5 to 3 centimeters in width. The inflorescence, produced in May/June, is fan-shaped and contains two or three flowers which are usually pale purplish to whitish.
Three subspecies of Iris pallida s.l. are recognised by some authors as species: Iris pallida ssp. cengialti (with deep purplish flowers) from Slovenia and adjacent Italy, Iris pallida ssp.illyrica from the North Dalmatian coast, Iris pallida ssp. pseudopallida from the South Dalmatian coast. Another subspecies is Iris pallida ssp. musulmanica. The newly-described Orjen Iris (I. orjenii) has white flowers.The varíety with deep purplish flowers from Northern Italy and the Slovenian alps is called Iris cengialti. Iris germanica of central Europe, "the most common purple Fleur de Luce" of Ray, is the large common blue iris of gardens, the bearded iris or fleur de luce and probably the Illyrian iris of the ancients.
This page compliments of Marisa Ciceran