The Pola Notebook
These notes were written by Joyce during his first months of permanent residence on the Continent in late 1904. At this time he was still working on Stephen Hero, the second version of A Portrait. The fragments which follow the paragraphs on esthetic theory are related to those noies for Stephen Hero which were attached to the first version (I, 3 above). As in the case of the Paris notebook, the original MS [manuscript] o£ these notes is lost and the text here follows Gorman 133-38. Since tie arrangement of the fragmentary notes for SH—the actual layout on the page—has no manuscript authority (as opposed to the notes for SH attached to the first version), the editor has in this case added whatever commentary seemed appropriate in brackets after each note, preserving Gorman's order. Some items lack commentary because they seem not to need it, others because of the editor's inability to provide it.
Gorman called these fragmentary notes a "selection" from the notebook—how complete we cannot tell. But the notes he printed were separated into five groups, perhaps representing five pages of manuscript. The first group includes a number of phrases Joyce associated with Yeats and his circle. The second seems mainly made up of reminders of actual incidents and bits of local color, many copied from Stanislaus Joyce's Dublin diary (partially printed as DD). The third, on J.F. Byrne, is made op almost exclusively of materials from the Dublin diary. The fourth, labeled "Dublinera" bui hard to trace in the stories, is a mixture of quotations, figurative speech, and idiomatic expressions, some of which were used in Ulysses. The fifth group is composed of three witty and outrageous sayings destined for S, D. (Stephen) who is twitted about one of them by John Eglinton in Ulysses.
Those things are beautiful the apprehension of which pleases Therefore beauty
is that quality of a sensible object in virtue of which its apprehension pleases
or satisfies the aesthetic appetite which desires to apprehend the most
satisfying relations of the sensible. Now the act of apprehension involves
at least two activities, the activity of cognition or simple perception and tlie
With regard to the second part cf the act of apprehension which is called the activity of recognition it may further be said that there is no activity of simple perception to which there does not succeed in whatsoever measure the activity of recognition. For by the activity of recognition is meant an activity of decision; and in accordance with this activity in all conceivable cases a sensible object is said to be satisfying or dissatisfying. But the activity of recognition is, like every other activity, itself pleasant and therefore every object that has been apprehended is secondly in whatsoever measure beautiful. ConsequenQy even the most hideous object may be said to be beautiful for this reason as it is a priori said to be beautiful in so far as it encounters the activity of simple perception.
Sensible objects, however, are said conventionally to be beautiful oe not for neither of the foregoing reasons but rather by reason of the nature, degree and duration of the satisfaction resulting from the apprehension of them and it is in accordance with these latter merely that the words "beautiful" and "ugly" are used in practical aesthetic philosophy. It remains then to be said that these words indicate only a greater or less measure of resultant satisfaction and that any sensible object, to which the word "ugly" is practically applied, an object, that is, the apprehension of which results in a small measure of aesthetic satisfaction is, in so far as its apprehension results in any measure of satisfaction whatsoever, said to be for the third time beautiful...
J.A.J. Pola, 15 XI 04.
The Act of Apprehension.It has been said that the act of apprehension involves at least two activities—the activity of cognition or simple perception and the activity of recognition. The act of apprehension, however, in its most complete form involves three activities—the third being the activity of satisfaction. By reason of the fact that these three activities are all pleasant themselves every sensible object that has been apprehended must be doubly and may be trebly beautiful. In practical aesthetic philosophy the epithets "beautiful" and "ugly" ate applied with regard chiefly to the third activity, with regard, that is, to the nature, degree and duration of the satisfaction resultant from the apprehension of any sensible object and therefore any sensible object to which in practical aesthetic philosophy the epithet "beautiful" is applied must be trebly beautiful, must have encountered, that is, the three activities which are involved in the act of apprehension in its most involve three constituents to encounter each of these three activities...
J.A.J. Pola, 16 XI 04.
Greek culture (Iliad) Barbarian (Bible)
Spiritual and temporal power
Catacombs and vermin
Ireland—an afterthought of Europe
Beauty is so difficult
I once sawa bleeding Christ—(W. Yeats] quoting Beardsley
Old Murray and Dante
"Miss Esposito, I never see a rose but I think of you."
"I got the highest marls in mathematics of any man that ever went in."
"Ah, Paris? What's Paris? The theatres, the cafés, les petites
femmes des boulevards."
Ladies' bonnets. High ma.ss at the Pro-Cathedral.
Signs of Zodiac. Earth a living being.
"The English have their music-hall songs but we have the melodies."
Moments of spiritual life
'That queer thing—genius."
"Synge's play is Greek," said Yeats, etc.
"With all his eccentricities he remains a dear fellow."
Dr. Doherty and the Holy City
Strangers are contemporary posterity—Chamfort.
The artillery of heaven
Mrs. Riordan and the breadcrumbs
Spittin' and spattin' on the floor
Consumatum [sic in Gorman] est
Dog an' divil
Make death a capital offence in England; end of modern English plays; Fr.
"Yisterday" F. Butt Moloney (Clery)
Kinahan and Boccaccio
Kinahan Enc. Biitt. "Socialism"
Art has the gift of tongues
"Special reporter" novels
"on our side every time"
every bond is a bond to sorrow
With men women do not think independantly. [sic in Gorman]
What is the ambition of the hero's valet?
Love—and intimate, desirous dependance. [sic in Gorman]
Church calls it a low vice to serve the body, to make a God of the belly, and a high virtue to make a temple of it.
The egoist revenges himself on his loves for the restrictions his higher morality lays upon him.
Unlike Saul, the son of Kish, Tolstoy seems to have come out to find a kingdom and to have found his father's asses.
Coyne: Beauty is a white light
Coyne and religious landscape
"The blanket with the hole in the middle was not the dress of the ancient
Irish but was introduced by the indecent Saxon."
Shakespeare, Sophocles and Ibsen
Walshe didn't know how anyone could know more about Ibsen than F. Butt did.
Starkey thinks Ibsen's mind a chaos. "Hedda should get a kick in the arse."
I am unhappy all day—the cause is I have been walking on my heels and not from the ball of my foot.
The music hall, not Poetry, a criticism of life.
The vulgarian priest
[All the notes in this group refer to Joyce's friend J.F. Byrne, the model for Cranly. Most of them were taken from Stanislaus Joyce's diary and employed in SH. For P, to this material was added thought on Byrne from the later Trieste Diary. The DD pages to be consulted are 28, 35, 38, 45, and 74; to be compared with SH 145, 214, 216, 221; and P 207/178.]
Features of the Middle Age: a pale, square, large-boned face, an aquiline nose with wide nostrils rather low in his face, a tighbshat lifeless mouth, full of prejudice, brown eyes set wide apart under short thick eyebrows and a long narrow forehead with short coarse black hair brushed up off it resting on his temples lite an iron crown.
The Grand Byrne
Brutal "bloody" "flamin"
Talking like a pint
Deprecate eke so
Did that bloody boat the Seaqueen ever start?
His Intensity the Sea-green Incorruptible
to make me drink
Stannie takes off his hat
Foretelling rain by pain of corns
"the world will not willing let die"
"which, if anything that the hand of man has wrought of noble and inspiring and beautiful deserves to live deserves to live"
"that way madness lies"
The United States of Europe
Sick and indigent roomkeepers
Logue: a handsome faee in repose
Lightning: a livid woundlike flash
Cod plays skittles: thunder
Medieval artist—lice in a friar's beard
The cold flesh of priests
A woman is a fruit
Paris—a lamp for lovers hung in the wood of the world
To take the part of England and her tradition against Irish-America
Mac—Be Jaze, that
put the kybosh on me
[The following three witticisms were apparently destined for Stephen as early as this, and, though we never see him deliver one, Joyce apparently thought of him as having done so. In U (182/184) John Eglinton teases him about the first, for which he is said to have borrowed a title from hack novelist Marie Corelli: The Sorrows of Satan.]
Si« medical students under my direction will write Paradise Lost except 100 lines.
The editor of the Evening Telegraph will write the Sensitive Plant.
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Created: Monday, February
2006; Last Updated:
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