Bernardo Schiavuzzi
Prominent Istrians

ernardo Schiavuzzi was born on March 1, 1849 in Piran (Pirano). His ancestors came from Dalmatia in the 12nd century. [no available image] physician, ornithologist and archeologist

born in Pirano

He completed his medical studies at the Univerisity of Graz in 1874. He then went into practice in Piran, followed by Manfalcone, and for a time even in Bosnia/Herzegovina, as well as in Poreč (Parenzo).

In 1885, he went to Pula, and two years later he assumed the duties of the Pula county doctor. He worked as a general practitioner and organizer of primary medicine, as well as doing research on fighting various epidemic diseases, in particular malaria, in the county.

From Nature, Vol. 35 (November 1885 to April 1887):

Rendiconti della R. Accademia dei Lincei, December 1886.— Researches on the nature of malaria, carried out by Dr. Bernardo Schiavuzzi in Pola, Istria. The results of these experiments show the constant presence of a Bacillus, morphologically identical with that already described by Klebs and Tommasi-Crudeli, in the malarious districts of Pola, anl its absence from the healthy localities. This Bacillus, artificially cultivated and inoculated on rabbits, develops fevers showing all the characteristics of swamp-fever, while in the infected animals the red corpuscles of the blood undergo the same alterations as Marcbiafava and Celli have shown lo be characteristic of malarious iufection. These alterations, however, are attributed by Dr. Schiavuzzi, not to the presence of a parasitic animal which has never yet been detected either in the air or in the soil of the infected districts, but to a deterioration of the blood-corpuscles directly or indirectly caused by the action of a pathological ferment of quite a different nature. He accordingly concludes that the Bacillus malariae described by Klebs and Tommasi-Crudeli in 1879 is the true cause of marsh fever.

Summary from JAMA (1891):

So much importance is now attached to the action of bacteria upon the system in the production of disease, that we need not apologize for placing before our readers the results of the researches of Dr. Bernardo Schiavuzzi on malaria in Pola, which seem to have culminated in the discovery of one at least of the microörganisms that are capable of inducing ague. Pola is an ancient city of Istria, on the east coast of the Adriatic, long decaying, but now again rising in importance as a naval station, built on chalk, on which is a stratum of red earth, about 9 feet thick, which is of submarine volcanic origin, and was cast up in the miocene period. Its isotherm is 14.17° C, with wide extremes, its yearly rainfall amounts to 937 mm., whilst its physical conditions are favorable to the development of malarial fevers, which are...

Schiavuzzi also studied natural events as well as archeology and art. He is credited for encouraging the archeological research at Nezakcij (Nesazio) near Valtura.  and was also a proponent for the Archeological Museum in Pula where he served as its long time director.

After the establishment of the Societa istriana di archeologia e storia Patria in Poreč (1884) and following numerous archaeological discoveries made at Nesactium (since 1900), the Pula City Council (Consiglio municipale) made a decision at the recommendation of the Giunta provinciale d’Istria to establishment the Museum of Antiquities (Museo d’antichita) (1902). After its name was changed to the City Museum (Museo Civico della Citta di Pola), Bernardo Schiavuzzi became its first director, a position he held for a long time.

From Zecca: The Mint of Venice in the Middle Ages by Alan M. Stahl - footnote on page 234 on Schiavuzzi, Bernardo. "Ripostiglio di monete medioevali scoperto nel giugno 1913 sul colle San Girgio di Pola." Rivista Italiana di Numismatica 27, p. 213-228.

The first of the book's three sections traces the coinage of Venice from its origins in the ninth century as a minor, and unofficial, regional Italian coinage to its position at the dawn of the Renaissance as the dominant currency of Mediterranean trade. The second section, entitled "The Mint in the Life of Medieval Venice," illustrates the mechanisms of the control of bullion and the strategies for mint profit and explores the mint's role in Venetian trade and the emergence of a bureaucratized government. The third section, "Within the Mint," examines the physical operations that transformed raw bullion into coins and identifies the personnel of the mint, situating the holders of each position in the context of their social and professional backgrounds. Illustrated with photos of Venetian coinage from the world's major collections, Zecca also includes a listing of all holders of offices related to the medieval Venetian mint and summaries of all major finds of medieval Venetian coins.

Bernardo Schiavuzzi passed away in Pula on April 27, 1929.

Corrado Tommasi-Crudeli (1834-1900), authored Ricerche sulla natura della malaria eseguite dal Dr. Bernardo Schiavuzzi in Pola (Istria): nota, published by Tipografia della R. Accademia dei Lincei, Roma in 1886.

Chronology of works

Selected works:

Media articles:


  • JAMA. 1891;XVI(2):62-63 -
  • Nature, A weekly Illustrated Journal of Science, Volume XXXV, November 1886 - April 1887, MacMillan and Co. (London & New York, 1887), Found and for many years edited by Sir J.N. Lockyer, Article of February 24, 1887, page 405. -

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