Pietro Stancovich
Prominent Istrians

 

Selected Works

Except for his catachism Kratak nauk karstianski (see below), Pietro Stancovich's published works are written exclusively in Italian.

Major works

1828-1929 and 1888, Second Edition - Biografie degli uomini illustri dell'Istria 1828-29, Capodistria, Priora, 1888, EURO 630 in -4, pp. XXX, 460, (14), leg. m. tela edit. con angoli e con tit. oro al d. This 3-volume work is his major achievement and gained him the nickname “the Istrian Plutarh”. It contains 489 biographies divided into 6 chapters. The volumes contain the history and culture of Istria from the Roman period through the 18th century. The biographies are subdivided into groups of saints, bishops, literaries, militaries, etc.

Archeological studies

1818 -  Versi... coll'aggiunta di una novella storica in prosa intitolata Neofaste in Astiri, Picotti (Venezia), pag.18., pag. 142. [Available at Google books]

1822 - Dello anfiteatro di Pola. Dei gradi marmorei. Nuovi scavi e scoperte. Saggio, Pisa, Presso Sebastiano Nistri, 1822; 20,3x12,6 cm., brossura muta decorata di epoca posteriore, pp.24, estratto editoriale tratto dal Nuovo Giornale de' Letterati n. 6 del 1822. Prima edizione in volume poi seguita dell'edizione veneziana, pubblicata nello stesso anno e contente 8 tavole f.t. (Fossati Bellani 1957: n. 2.626 e Lozzi 1963: II volume, pag. 70, n. 3739 menzionano la seconda edizione). [Available at Google books.]

1824 - Della Patria di S. Girolamo dottore di Santa Chiesa e della lingua slava relativa allo stesso. Opuscolo del canonico Pietro Stancovich socio di varie accademie. Venezia: per Giuseppe Picoti, 1824. - 101, [5] p. inv 7418. (In the scientific community he was renown as a debater. With this study he started a sharp debate for several years with Dalmatian priests about the position of Stridon, which he was looking for in Istrian town of Zrenje, stirring controversy about the birth place of St. Jerome.). [Available at Google books.[

1825 - Canzone che si canta nelle pubbliche rogazioni, per implorare la fertilità della terra, dal tedesco voita in italiano, Giuseppe Picotti Editore (Venezia, 1825). [Available at Google books.]

1829 - San Girolamo Il Dottore Massimo Dimostrato Evidentemente Di Patria Istriano. Apologia Del Canonico Pietro Stanchovich Contro La Risposta Di D. Giovanni Capor, Gio. Marenigh (Trieste, 1829). [Available at Google books.]

1830 - "Marmo di Lucio Menacio Prisco patrono di Pola", in Archeografo triestino, Tipografia di Gio. Marenion (Trieste, 1830) pp. 407-419. [Available at Google books.]

1830 - Trieste non fu villaggio Carnico, ma luogo dell’Istria (1830), which started a correspondence with the Dalmatian priests who were representatives of the so called Illyrian theory about the origin of the South Slavs, he also worked on the relationship of Illyrians and their language and the newly immigrated Slavic population, denying them any nationality connection and linguistic relationship. [Available at Google books.]

1831 - Deposito di monete ungheresi, carraresi, veneziane, scoperto nell'Istria. in Archeografo triestino, Vol III, Topografia di Gio. Marenigh (Trieste, 1931). 8°. Trieste, 1831. [Available at Google books.]

1832 - L'Androgino, per Nozze, Favoletta di Platone, Venezia Picotti, Febbraio 1832.

1833 - Dialoghi Serio-faceti di critica erudizione, Alvlsopoli (Venezia, 18933).

1835 - "Delle tre Emone antiche città e colonie romane e della genuina epigrafe di Cajo Precellio ...", in Giuseppe Picotti's Tipografia, 1835. - 32 p.: ill. (Written while in Venice.) [Available at Google books.]

1837 -  Degli altari e della loro Consacrazione, esecrazione e violazione come pure se le Reliquie siene necessarie nella Consacrazione degli Altari, Tipografia Molinari (Venezia, 1837).

19th Century Istrian Viniculture

Since the18th century, authors have appeared in different parts of Europe who in their writings, scientific as well as popular, have searched for the improvement of farming methods. Following this tradition, works on viniculture and on wine production appeared in Istria in the 19th century, the authors being Pietro Predonzani (1820) from Poreč, Pietro Stancovich (1825) from Barbana, Nicoló Del Bello (1876) from Koper and Carlo Hugues (different papers about 1890), the director of the "Experimental Wine and Fruit Growing Station" in Parenzo (Poreč).

In his writings, Predonzani appealed to wine growers to give up old methods of wine growing, which in his opinion are burdened with prejudice. His instructions, however, were very general and incomplete. In contrast, Pietro Stancovich, always an attentive reader of the most up-to-date publications of his time, experimented with new methods of wine growing and researched the results of these scientifically. Del Bello was accurate and clear, but his contribution, the greatest part of it being about the hinterland of Piran, was mostly of a descriptive character. Hughes on the other hand, with the century coming slowly to its end, already advocated for the decisively modern vision: his attitude was pragmatic and strictly scientific. Anyway, all the authors looked critically on numerous traditional methods of wine growing and encouraged the native wine growers to pay more attention to the quality of their product.

His agrarian works include:

1820 - L'aratro seminatore ossia metodo di piantare il grano arando: Memoria di P. S., Venezia, Pel Picotti Stampatore Editore, 1820.0. "In-8°; 25 pp., 1 c., 1 tavola ripiegata incisa in rame che illustra con diverse figure l'aratro seminatore; leg. moderna in cartoncino." Rare original edition of this small work redatta soprattutto in base ad osservazioni dirette sulla coltivazione in Istria e indirizzata, al Trautmann, professore di agricoltura a Vienna, dal celebre intellettuale e letterato nativo di Rovigno. Brossura editoriale. [Available at Google books]

1824 - Il frumento seminato senza aratura, senza zappatura, senza letame, secondo monografia dal tema. Interessante proposta di miglioramento dell'aratro in uso nelle provincie dell'Istria. Reprinted in: Rivista di Agricolturea, Industria e Commercio, Anno III, Vol 1. Tiupografo M. Ricci (Firenze, 1872), p. 196-204. [Available at Google books.]

stanvino.jpg (135301 byte)1825 and 1853 - Vino dell'Istria principale prodotto di questa provincia. Nuovo metodo economico-pratico per farlo e conservarlo, Milan, Giovanni Silvestri, shown to be published in 1853, but see note below. In 8° (21 x 13,5 cm). 139 (1) pp., illustrated cover page with dorsel tassel, frontespiece is a small vignette in wood, and there are two folded tables engraved in copper with 17 images. [Available at Google books.]

This work is divided into six parts:

  1. Praeliminare (descrizione geografica e approfondita spiegazione dei vini della regione);
  2. Della pigiatura delle uve;
  3. Dell’economia delle botti;
  4. Della fermentazione vinosa;
  5. Del travaso dei vini;
  6. Di un Elattenometro, o conservatore del vino.

In the first chapter he discusses the history of Istrian wine in antiquity and the various types of wine produced in the region. In the second chapter Stancovich describes a wine press of his own invention as well as other methods of pressing wine. In the third chapter is described a barrel of his own design and methods of preserving wine. The final chapters cover fermentation, bottling, and how to stabilize wines and prevent oxidation. The engraved plates depict various wine-making apparatus of Stancovich's invention.

[Note: Regarding the date of the edition, some bibliographers simply list this edition as 1853, as stated on the title page (see Paleari-Henssler & B.IN.G.). However, while others (see Westbury), conjecture that the date is more likely to be 1825 and that the title page date is misprinted. Suffice it to say that the edition has an advertisement page from 1825 for Silvestri for the book by G. Acerbi, Delle Viti italiane (cfr. contra Pazzini, p. 203 that puts that the first edidtion at 1825 and the second edition at 1853). dated 1825 would seem to support Westbury's claim. Also, the dedication page of brother Pietro Martino is signed "Istria, Barbana, 20 July 1825". In either case, this is a very good copy of an extremely rare book on wine-making.B.IN.G. 1861; Paleari-Henssler p. 700; RLIN: Davis only; Sormanni p. 121; Westbury p. 208. Not in OCLC. Price at USD 1,000.00!]

Besides the two 1825 monographs on wine, Stancovich gained international fame on published works dealing with inventions in agriculture where he describes two machines for handling olives:

1840 - Spolpoliva e macinocciolo ossia molino oleario con cui contemporaneamente si separa  la carne del nocciolo e si riduce in farina il nocciolo stesso originale invenzione del Canonico P. S. del castello di Barbana, alle foci dell'Arsa..., Torino, Stamperia Reale, 1840. In-8° (21,5 x 13,5 cm). 24 pp. 1 tav. f.t. più volte ripiegata. Bross. ed. Fresco esemplare. Paleari - Henssler, I, p. 700. Un torchio oleario portatile del 1841. [Available at Google books.]

1841 - Torchioliva (the portable olive press), Florence, Giovanni Mazzoni printworks, 1841, 24,0x15,3 cm., non original paperback binding, pp. 23-(1), with one full page illustration. Dissertazione illustrante un molino oleario letta il 22 settembre 1840 alla Sezione di Agricoltura del Congresso degli Scienziati. [Available at Google books.]

The book Torchioliva was intended as an appendix to another book called Spolpoliva that discussed another invention by Stancovich. This work was presented in 1841 at the Agriculture and Technology section of the Congress of Italian Scientists that was held in Florence.

Below: Tavola fuori testo, con disegno dettagliato del Torchioliva, formata da cinque figure ed in scala di Piedi veneti.

 

Theological writings

Apart from his 1824 book on St. Jerome listed above, Stancovich wrote a 16-page catachism in Croatian language entitled Kratak nauk karstianski (Short Christian Teachings), published by Tipografia Marenigh (Trieste, 1828). As stated in the introduction, its intent was to reach the local priests and church goers of the Barban parish  The divisions of this little book are as follows in their original language:

  1. Molitve (Prayers)

    1. Zlamenje karstiansko (Christian crossing),
    2. Molitva Gospodinova (Godly prayers), 
    3. Posdravglienje Angelsko (Angelic greeting),
    4. Vira to jest Simbol Apostolski (Faith is the symbol of apostles).
  2. Zapvidi (Commandments)
    1. Dvi Zapovidi od Naravi (Two commandments of nature),
    2. Dvi Zapovidi od Gliubavi (Two commandments of love),
    3. Desset Boxiih Zapovidi (God’s ten commandments),
    4. Pet Zapovidi Svete Matere Crikve (Five commandments of the mother church).
  3. Grihi (Sins)
    1. Dvi varsti od Griha (Two types of sins),
    2. Sedam Smartni Grihi (Seven deadly sins),
    3. Sest Grihi suprotiva Duhu Svetomu (Six sins towards the Holy Spirit), ?
    4. Cetiri Grihi Koi vapiu osvetu prid licem Boxiim (Four sins crying for vengeance in front of the face of God).
  4. Otaistva (Denials)
    1. Dva otaistva nasse svete Vire (Two denials of our holy Faith),
    2. Sest Rasmisglienjih Svarhu, Otaistvo od Svete Masse (Six invented reasons, abstaining from the Holy Mass).
  5. Sacramenti, i nacin za igh prieti  (Holy Sacraments, and how to approach them)
    1. Sedam Svetih Sacramenti (Seven Holy Sacraments),
    2. Pet Stuari potribne Za se dobro ispovidati (Five things that require good confession),
    3. Ispovid (Confession),
    4. Tri Stuari potribne Za dobro se pricestiti (Three things requiring taking good holy sacrament)
  6. Stuari potribne za se spassiti, i dilli dostoini (Things necessary to save yourself and to be worthy)
    1. Cetiri Stuari potribne svakomu karstianu za spassiti svoju Dussu (Four thing each Christian needs to save his soul),
    2. Dillo od Vire (Religious deed),
    3. Dilo od Uffanja (Work of hope),
    4. Dillo od Gliubavi (Work of love),
    5. Dillo od Pokajanja alli od Skrussenja (Work of repentance and of suffering),
    6. Cetiri Stuari nai poslidgnie Coviku (Four things last needed to a man),
    7. Slava Otczu, i Sinu i Duhu Svetomu (Glory to the Father, Son and Holy Spirit)
  7. Stuari koristne svakomu karstianu (Things useful to each Christian)
    1. Zdravo kraglize Maiko (Hail to the Holy Mother),
    2. Angele Boxii (Angel of God),
    3. Sedam Dillih od Miloserdnia Duhovnih (Seven deeds of merciful spirits),
    4. Sedan Dillih od Miloserdnia Tilesnih (Seven deeds of the merciful body),
    5. Sedan Dari od Duha Svetoga (Seven gifts of the holy spirit)
    6. Pet Ciuchienjih od tila nassega s' koimi moremo ciniti z.lo, i dobro (Five senses of our body that can be used for good and evil).

As a supplement to “Nauk”, Stancovich added instructions for learning the faith according to his catechism, including a preface to be used for registering the faithful of the Barban parish, and with this he completed the instructions for its use which he had mentioned in the introduction. Besides the publication of this booklet, there is an unpublished Croatian catechism for children with the Italian translation.

Sources:

  • Google books
  • Croatian text - "Mala Enciklopedija Velikih Istrana", Jurina i Franina Kalendar, 1984
  • Croatian text - Mislav Elvis Luksić, Iz Knjge ISTARSKA DANICA (1999). Iz Knjge ISTARSKA DANICA - 1999.
  • Italian text - Bernardo Benussi, L'Istria nei suoi due milleni di storia, Collana degli Atti, Centro di Ricerche Storiche - Rovigno, N. 14 (Venezia - Rovigno, 1997), p. 620.
  • Catalog listing - http://www.comune.empoli.fi.it/biblioteca/fondi/antico/tassinari_buste2.htm
  • English text - Annales 10, Roberto STAREC, BA, The Faculty of Education, 34100 Trieste, Via Tigor 22, Italy
  • Book & text - http://www.lecantine.it/uk_enobib_olio_torchioliva_01.htm & http://www.lecantine.it/ita_enobib_olio_torchioliva_02.htm
  • Antonio Angelini fu Avv. Stefano 1798-1863 and http://www.lib
  • http://www.libri-antichi.com/scriptorium/italia6a.htm
  • http://www.arengario.it/archivio/gastrono/enologia/enolog09.htm, http://www.arengario.it/archivio/architet/archanti2.htm & http://www.biblioteche.regione.lombardia.it/regsrc/pdf/LO113_4T03.pdf#search=%22Pietro%20Stancovich%22
  • www.corderobooks.com/catalogo2.doc & www.corderobooks.com/georgica1.rtf
  • http://search.abaa.org/dbp2/book105636360.html
  • http://www.tzgrovinj.hr/itl/dogadjaji/stancoviciana/index.asp
  • Istarska enciklopedija, Leksikografski Zavod Miroslav Krleža (Zagreb, 2005)

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Created: Monday, April 07, 2003; Last updated: Wednesday, March 09, 2016
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