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Endangered Languages
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Languages of Croatia

Part of Yugoslavia until 1991. Population: 4,481,000 (1998 UN). Literacy rate 97%. 

National or official languages: 
  • Croatian
  • Italian

Also includes Sinte Romani, Slovenian. Information mainly from B. Comrie 1987. Data accuracy estimate: B. The number of languages listed for Croatia is 6. Of those, 5 are living languages and 1 is extinct. Diversity index 0.07.

Spoken Living Languages

Name Alternate Names Description Classification Dialects
CROATIAN HRVATSKI [SRC] 4,800,000 in Croatia (1995). 

More information: http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=SRC

Indo-European, Slavic, South, Western.  KAYKAVSKI
CHAKAVSKI
SHTOKAVSKI (IJEKAVSKI) (1)
ISTRIOT - [IST] 1,000 or fewer (1994 Tapani Salminen).  Western coast of Istrian Peninsula, now only in the towns of Rovinj (Rovigno) and Vodnjan (Dignano).

More information: http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=IST

Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Italo-Western, Italo-Dalmatian. (various)
ITALIAN - [ITN] 70,000 in Croatia whose mother tongue is Italian or Venetian, including 30,000 ethnic Italian and 40,000 ethnic Croats and Istrian people (1998 Eugen Marinov).  Istria.

More information: http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=ITN

Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Italo-Western, Italo-Dalmatian.  -
ROMANIAN, ISTRO ISTRO-ROMANIAN [RUO] 555 to 1,500 (1994 T. Salminen).  Northeast Istrian Peninsula, Zejane village and a few villages to the south.

More information: http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=RUO

Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Eastern.  (various, all but two are not currently recognized)
VENETIAN - [VEC] 100,000 in Croatia and Slovenia (1994 Tapani Salminen). See also Italian in Croatia.  Istrian Peninsula and Dalmatia. Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Italo-Western, Western, Gallo-Iberian, Gallo-Romance, Gallo-Italian. ISTRIAN and ISTRO-VENETIAN (2)
TRENTINE
VENETIAN PROPER

Extinct Languages

Name Alternate Names Description Classification Dialects
DALMATIAN - RAGUSAN
- VEGLIOTE
[DLM] Coast near Dubrovnik.

More information: http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=DLM

Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Italo-Western, Italo-Dalmatian.  -

Notes:

  1. The official language of Croatia.
  2. To distinguish from the Slavic Istrian dialect which is not officially recognized but identified in other sources.

Source:

  • http://www.ethnologue.com/show_country.asp?name=Croatia

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 This page is compliments of Marisa Ciceran

Created: Friday, Sunday, September 07, 2003; Last Updated: Thursday, July 04, 2013
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