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Endangered Languages
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Languages of Slovenia

Part of Yugoslavia until 1991. Literacy rate 98%. 1,993,000 (1998 UN). 

National or official languages: 

  • Slovenian
  • Hungarian
  • Italian 

Also includes Gheg Albanian 4,022, Standard German 1,543, Macedonian 4,603, Sinte Romani 2,847, Serbo-Croatian 155,013, Venetian. Information mainly from M. Stephens 1976: B. Comrie 1987; T. Priestley 1995; W. Browne 1996. Christian, Muslim, Jewish, atheist. Data accuracy estimate: B. The number of languages listed for Slovenia is 4. Of those, all are living languages. Diversity index 0.17.

Spoken Living Languages 

Name Alternate Names Description Classification Dialects
HUNGARIAN MAGYAR

[HNG] 9,240 (1991 census).  Eastern Slovenia. [More information is available at ethnologue.com site.]

Uralic, Finno-Ugric, Ugric, Hungarian -
ITALIAN ITALIANO

[ITN] 4,009 in Slovenia (1991 census). [More information is available at ethnologue.com site.]

Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Italo-Western, Italo-Dalmatian -
SLOVENIAN - SLOVENSCINA
- SLOVENE

[SLV] 1,727,360 in Slovenia (1991 census). Population total all countries 2,000,000 (1999 WA). [More information is available at ethnologue.com site.]

Indo-European, Slavic, South, Western LOWER CARNIOLA

UPPER CARNIOLA

STAJERSKI

PRIMORSKI

SAVRINSKI (or SAVRINO)1

VENETIAN VENETO [VEC] 100,000 in Croatia and Slovenia (1994 Tapani Salminen). See also Italian in Croatia.  Istrian Peninsula and Dalmatia. Indo-European, Germanic, West, High German, German, Upper German, Allemannic ISTRIAN (or ISTRO-VENETIAN1)

TRETINE

VENETIAN PROPER

Deaf sign languages

YUGOSLAVIAN SIGN LANGUAGE [YSL] [More information is available at ethnologue.com site.] Deaf sign language.  SLOVENIAN SIGN LANGUAGE. 
  1. Existing name usage, but not currently officially recognized.
  2. To distinguish from the SLAVIC ISTRIAN dialect which is existing but not officially recognized.

Source:

  •  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_country.asp?name=Slovenia

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Created: Friday, Sunday, September 07, 2003; Last Updated: Tuesday, January 29, 2013
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